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design of anionic polyacrylamide biodegradation

  • Polyacrylamide degradation and its implications in ...

    2018-9-7 · Yi, X. S., et al. Factorial design applied to flux decline of anionic polyacrylamide removal from water by modified polyvinylidene fluoride ultrafiltration membranes. Desalination 274 , 7–12 (2011).

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  • Microbial degradation of polyacrylamide and the ...

    2019-4-1 · Most studies on the biodegradation of polyacrylamide have been carried out with the homopolymer as the substrate instead of the cationic and anionic varieties. However, the cationic copolymers of acrylamide and acryloyloxyethyltrimethyl ammoniumchloride (AETAC) and of acrylamide and methacrylamidopropyltrimethyl ammoniumchloride (MAPTAC) have been reported to undergo …

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  • Transfer and degradation of polyacrylamide based ...

    2021-6-13 · Common anionic 71 PAMs are usually produced by copolymerization of acrylamide and acrylic acid or one of its salts (see 72 Fig.1). Their molecular weights vary between 3.106 and 2.107 Da. The most polyvalent anionic PAM 73 contains around 30% of acrylate (in mol).

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  • Biodegradation of Polyacrylamide and Its Derivatives ...

    2017-5-4 · Some fungi and yeasts could degrade 60–80% of acrylamide. The biodegradation of PAM and its derivatives are initiated by the enzyme amidase, either under aerobic or anaerobic conditions, and are further degraded partially or completely by an array of different enzymes.

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  • Transfer and degradation of polyacrylamide-based ...

    2014-9-26 · The aim of this review was to summarize information and scientific data from the literature dedicated to the fate of polyacrylamide (PAM)-based flocculants in hydrosystems. Flocculants, usually composed of PAMs, are widely used in several industrial fields, particularly in minerals extraction, to enhance solid/liquid separation in water containing suspended matter.

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  • Degradation of Polyacrylamide (PAM) and methane

    2012-7-22 · Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook 1-2 General description of the polyacrylamide emulsions Polyacrylamide emulsions are dispersions or suspensions of a hydrogel of water soluble polymer in an oil. They are two phases heterogeneous systems and comprise several compo-nents. They are not concentrated polymer solutions. The

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  • Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook - SNF

    2015-2-25 · Fabricating an anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) with an anionic block structure for high turbidity water separation and purification. RSC Advances 2017, 7 (46) , 28918-28930. DOI: 10.1039/C7RA05151D. Semra Kirboga, Mualla Öner, Ozlem Dogan.

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  • Effects of Anionic Polyacrylamide on Carbonation for

    In addition, biodegradation was lower in mixtures than for the pure isomers. These results will allow an intelligent design of this family of anionic surfactants to attenuate their contaminating effects in waters and soils. This study constitutes, to the best of our knowledge, a novel contribution towards the design of environmentally friendly ...

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  • Correlation between initial biodegradability

    2019-5-26 · Polyacrylamides (PAMs) have wide application in many industries and in agriculture. Scientific research and industrial applications manifested a need for a method that can quantify substrate-borne PAM. The N-bromination method (a PAM analytical technique based on N-bromination of amide groups and spectrophotometric determination of the formed starch−triiodide complex), which was …

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  • Polyacrylamide Handbook - SNF Holding Company

    2016-8-19 · Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook 1 Introduction Oil Stabilizers Inverters Polymer Hydrogel Particle Oil ... Anionic. 2 Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook Storage and handling 4. Storage and handling of ... Design of the make-up system is critical and must be made in such a

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  • Impact of polyacrylamide treatment on sorptive

    High-molecular-weight, anionic polyacrylamide (PAM) is added to irrigation water to reduce soil erosion during furrow irrigation of crops. The chemical nature of PAM, together with the observation that the polymer can be biotransformed by soil bacteria, led us to question the impact of PAM treatment on the fate of coapplied agrochemicals.

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  • Optimization of Phosphate and Anionic

    2015-10-16 · This study was conducted to determine the optimum conditions of phosphate (P 2 O 5) and the anionic polyacrylamide flocculant (APF) that could result in best cane juice clarification.Two sugar cane varieties (B52298 and NCO334) were used. The P 2 O 5 for both varieties was at 158.6, 200, 300, 400 and 441.4 (mg/L) and APF were used at 0.59, 1, 2, 3 and 3.41 ppm and 0.17, 1, 3, 5 and 5.83 for ...

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  • Waste-Activated Sludge Fermentation for

    During the anaerobic digestion of dewatered sludge, polyacrylamide (PAM), a chemical conditioner, can usually be consumed as a carbon and nitrogen source along with other organic matter (e.g., proteins and carbohydrates in the sludge). However, a significant accumulation of acrylamide monomers (AMs) …

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  • Biodegradation of the anionic surfactant dialkyl ...

    1993-10-1 · A range of Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) guideline test systems was used to determine the extent and possible mechanisms of biodegradation of dialkyl sulphosuccinate (DASS, C[sub 6]/C[sub 8]). Primary biodegradation of DASS was virtually complete in OECD guideline ...

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  • drilling polymer polyacrylamide pam anionic

    2021-7-12 · Polyacrylamide, PAM, Anionic Polyacrylamide, Cationic Polyacrylamide. Polyacrylamide (PAM) Anionic Cationic Molecular weight: 71.07 CAS No... named Polyacrylamide, which is a water soluble macromolecular polymer. ... depending on the process design [6, 17]. High molecular weight (HMW) polyacrylamide and its derivatives are widely used in oil ...

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  • anionic polyacrylamide, anionic polyacrylamide

    anionic polyacrylamide manufacturers and distributors on the site are closely scrutinized to ensure that they meet all set standards for quality assurance. Don’t worry a lot about the safety of these. anionic polyacrylamide because all precautionary measures are clearly outlined to ensure that you’re not exposed to any harm with them.

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  • Waste-Activated Sludge Fermentation for

    2015-7-6 · During the anaerobic digestion of dewatered sludge, polyacrylamide (PAM), a chemical conditioner, can usually be consumed as a carbon and nitrogen …

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  • Effect of ozone treatment upon biodegradability of

    2021-3-12 · Biodegradation of partially hydrolyzed polyacrylamide by bacteria isolated from production water after polymer flooding in an oil field. Journal of Hazardous Materials 2010, 184 (1-3) , 105-110.

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  • Cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (PAMs):

    2018-5-18 · Cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (PAMs) are used for sludge dewatering in municipal waste water treatment and might enter the environment by spreading of the sludge on agricultural land. Concern has been expressed since little is known about the degradation of PAMs in soils. To obtain detailed information on the polymer’s fate in the soil compartment, the degradation of 14C …

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  • Polyacrylamide Handbook - SNF Holding Company

    2016-8-19 · Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook 1 Introduction Oil Stabilizers Inverters Polymer Hydrogel Particle Oil ... Anionic. 2 Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook Storage and handling 4. Storage and handling of ... Design of the make-up system is critical and must be made in such a

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  • Polyacrylamide (PAM) - Michigan

    2017-7-21 · Polyacrylamide Mulch . Design Specifications PAM may be applied in dissolved form with water, or it may be applied in dry, granular, or powered form. The preferred application method is the dissolved form. PAM is to be applied at a maximum rate of ½ pound PAM per 1000 gallons water per 1 acre of bare soil.

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  • Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook - SNF

    2012-7-22 · Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook 2-2 Storage and handling of emulsions : basic principles Emulsions must be stored inside a building at a constant temperature between 5°C and 30°C. During the storage and handling, the emulsion must not be contaminated by water.

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  • Cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (PAMs):

    2018-5-18 · Cationic polyacrylamide copolymers (PAMs) are used for sludge dewatering in municipal waste water treatment and might enter the environment by spreading of the sludge on agricultural land. Concern has been expressed since little is known about the degradation of PAMs in soils. To obtain detailed information on the polymer’s fate in the soil compartment, the degradation of 14C …

    Get Price
  • Design and Assessment of Biodegradable Macroporous ...

    2021-6-29 · Design and Assessment of Biodegradable Macroporous ... Biodegradation depends on the polymer and local environment, porosity, polymer concentration, additives, the nature of the cross-linking agent and the degree of crosslink- ... tained by introducing ionic links between anionic polysaccharide macromers with divalent cations such as Ca2+ [19].

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  • Self-assembled anionic and cationic Au

    Self-assembly overcomes the biodegradation resistance of some traditional inorganic drug carriers. Herein, we prepared self-assembled Au nanocluster-based nanoparticles with different sizes and charges based on solvent- and cation-induced self-assembly nanotechnology as anti-cancer drug vehicles to solve the potential metabolism problems of solid gold nanoparticles.

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  • Polyacrylamide Powder Manufacturers|PAM Crystals

    2021-6-2 · Polyacrylamide [ Properties ] Polyacrylamide, abbreviation PAM,is a glassy solid, easy to adsorb water ; the absorbing speed are varied with different derivative ions.Polyacrylamide is soluble in water and organic solvents as acetic acid, glycol, glycerin and amine.Polyacrylamide will be decomposed after long time heating. Decomposed temperature is over 200oC.

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  • Self-assembled anionic and cationic Au

    First published on 8th March 2021. Self-assembly overcomes the biodegradation resistance of some traditional inorganic drug carriers. Herein, we prepared self-assembled Au nanocluster-based nanoparticles with different sizes and charges based on solvent- and cation-induced self-assembly nanotechnology as anti-cancer drug vehicles to solve the potential metabolism problems of solid gold ...

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  • ChBE Fall 2019 Seminar: “Development of

    2019-10-8 · The Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering’s Fall 2019 Seminar, the “Development of Biodegradable Anionic Detergent,” will feature Illinois Tech adjunct professor Bipin V. Vora. He is a consultant (R&D, Process Design and Technology Evaluation), retired UOP/Honeywell Fellow and American Institute of Chemical Engineers fellow.

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  • Waste-Activated Sludge Fermentation for

    Polyacrylamide (PAM), a linear water-soluble polymeric compound with a high molecular weight, is widely used in wastewater treatment processes 1,2, papermaking 3, soil conditioning 4,5, irrigation furrow anticorrosives 6 and oil production 7.Although PAM is generally accepted as a non-toxic substance 8, the incompletely biodegraded intermediate products, especially the acrylamide monomer (AM ...

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  • PREPARATION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF ANIONIC

    In the present study, DR was conjugated with anionic polyacrylamide (A-PAM) by a condensation reaction. Handsheets were prepared from a pulp suspension by adding the obtained polymer (DR-A-PAM) as a paper strength agent, and its additive retention and paper strengthening performance were investigated. Retention of DR-A-PAM was

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  • Polyacrylamide Handbook - SNF Holding Company

    2016-8-19 · Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook 1 Introduction Oil Stabilizers Inverters Polymer Hydrogel Particle Oil ... Anionic. 2 Polyacrylamide Emulsions Handbook Storage and handling 4. Storage and handling of ... Design of the make-up system is critical and must be made in such a

    Get Price
  • Design and Assessment of Biodegradable Macroporous ...

    2021-6-29 · Design and Assessment of Biodegradable Macroporous ... Biodegradation depends on the polymer and local environment, porosity, polymer concentration, additives, the nature of the cross-linking agent and the degree of crosslink- ... tained by introducing ionic links between anionic polysaccharide macromers with divalent cations such as Ca2+ [19].

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  • Self-assembled anionic and cationic Au nanoparticles

    First published on 8th March 2021. Self-assembly overcomes the biodegradation resistance of some traditional inorganic drug carriers. Herein, we prepared self-assembled Au nanocluster-based nanoparticles with different sizes and charges based on solvent- and cation-induced self-assembly nanotechnology as anti-cancer drug vehicles to solve the potential metabolism problems of solid gold ...

    Get Price
  • Self-assembled anionic and cationic Au nanoparticles

    Self-assembly overcomes the biodegradation resistance of some traditional inorganic drug carriers. Herein, we prepared self-assembled Au nanocluster-based nanoparticles with different sizes and charges based on solvent- and cation-induced self-assembly nanotechnology as anti-cancer drug vehicles to solve the potential metabolism problems of solid gold nanoparticles.

    Get Price
  • high molecular weight hydrolyzed polyacrylamides

    2009-3-16 · 2.1. Anionic surfactants. Most detergents contain a large amount of anionic surfactants. These surface-active compounds show anionic groups in their hydrophilic part and have a small counter ion, e.g. sodium or potassium, which has only minor influence on the properties of the substance [].The most important anionic surfactants used in laundry detergents are

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  • Aerobic Biodegradation of Surfactants | IntechOpen

    2021-3-13 · Questions and potential misperceptions have arisen about the potential contribution of liquid detergent capsules to the environmental microplastics issue. The film of these detergents is highly water soluble, also in cold water, as it must fully dissolve during every type of washing process. Water-soluble grades of polyvinyl alcohol, the most commonly used detergent capsule film material, are ...

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  • Floerger AN 900 series Anionic polyacry l a m i d e

    2021-1-4 · Anionic polyacrylamide hse/anpam/dm/9807-1 Environmental fate A. Bioaccumulation Anionic polyacrylamide being totally soluble in water and insoluble in solvents has a very low octanol/water partition coefficient (P ow), and for all practical purposes : log Pow = 0 Thus, the potential for anionic polyacrylamide to bioaccumulate is zero.

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  • PREPARATION AND CHARACTERISTICS OF ANIONIC

    In the present study, DR was conjugated with anionic polyacrylamide (A-PAM) by a condensation reaction. Handsheets were prepared from a pulp suspension by adding the obtained polymer (DR-A-PAM) as a paper strength agent, and its additive retention and paper strengthening performance were investigated. Retention of DR-A-PAM was

    Get Price
  • 5.7 Polyacrylamide PAM - Hamilton County, Tennessee

    2013-8-8 · 5.7 Polyacrylamide (PAM) Page 1 of 2 PAM Polyacrylalide Description Chemical stabilization for erosion control on construction sites may involves a water-soluble anionic polyacrylamide product referred to as PAM. It is used to minimize soil erosion caused by water and wind. PAM is ypically appliet d with temporary seeding

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  • ACRYLAMIDE AND POLYACRYLAMIDE - Markit

    Report No. 99 ACRYLAMIDE AND POLYACRYLAMIDE by YEN-CHEN YEN e June 1976 a A private report by the PROCESS ECONOMICS PROGRAM l STANFORD RESEARCH INSTITUTE

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  • Acrylamide Monomer Leaching from Polyacrylamide

    2010-11-20 · Water-soluble anionic polyacrylamide (WSPAM), which is used to reduce erosion in furrow irrigated fi elds and other agriculture applications, contains less than 0.05% acrylamide monomer (AMD). Acrylamide monomer, a potent neurotoxicant and suspected carcinogen, is readily dissolved and transported in fl owing water.

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  • Polyacrylamide – SNF FLOERGER©

    2018-10-30 · Polyacrylamide. SERIES FORM MOLECULAR WEIGHT PRODUCT EXAMPLE FLOPAM POWDER ULTRA HIGH FO 4490 VHM FLOPAM POWDER VERY HIGH FO 4440 SSH FLOPAM POWDER HIGH FO 4550 SH SHU FLOPAM POWDER…. Continue Reading.

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  • UV-Initiated Polymerization of Cationic

    2013-12-24 · 1. Introduction. In recent years, the mount of sewage treated by municipal wastewater treatment plant increases rapidly, resulting in a large amount of excess activated sludge generated, whose moisture content is up to 99.5%, and the sludge containing organic matter and noxious substances will harm the environment and must be handled properly []. ...

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  • The Micromorphology of Anionic Polyacrylamide

    Anionic polyacrylamide dispersions were prepared by dispersion polymerization in aqueous salt solutions. The effects of reaction conditions, such as salt concentration, molecular weight of stabilizers, on the micromorphology of the dispersions were investigated systematically by using biological photomicroscope. The results showed that the particle shape in stable dispersions were more regular ...

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  • Polyacrylamide - Catchments and Creeks

    2014-7-4 · 4. Only the anionic form of polyacrylamide PAM should be used. Design Information Polyacrylamide (PAM) may be applied in dissolved form with water (preferred), or applied as a dry, granular or powder. PAMs are high soluble, but dissolve very slowly, thus dry granular PAM should be dissolved in clean water several hours before usage, or overnight.

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  • 5.7 Polyacrylamide PAM - Hamilton County, Tennessee

    2013-8-8 · 5.7 Polyacrylamide (PAM) Page 1 of 2 PAM Polyacrylalide Description Chemical stabilization for erosion control on construction sites may involves a water-soluble anionic polyacrylamide product referred to as PAM. It is used to minimize soil erosion caused by water and wind. PAM is ypically appliet d with temporary seeding

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  • Application of Polyacrylamide to Enhance Silt Fence ...

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  • ADSORPTION OF ANIONIC DYES FROM AQUEOUS

    2016-8-9 · Anionic dye removal was more efficient using the CLDH rather than LDH. The adsorption ... water treatment as they are structurally stable to biodegradation [2, 3].The most efficient colour removal from ... Kinetic parameters are important pre-requisites for eventual design of water treatment processes employing the use of adsorbents such as LDH ...

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  • INFLUENCE OF POLYMER CHARGE TYPE AND DENSITY

    2010-11-20 · (4 gpm) for the balance of the irrigation. The nature of charge on the polyacrylamide did influence efficacy of erosion control. On Portneuf soils, the order of effectiveness with respect to PAM charge type was: anionic > neutral > cationic. Within anionic and cationic charge types, polyacrylamide efficacy increased with increasing charge density.

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  • Modified polyacrylamide hydrogels as conditioners for ...

    Some nonionic and anionic polymeric networks with different ionic groups (such as sulfonates and carboxylates), different ionization degree and different cross-linking ratios have been synthesized and their uses as soil conditioners studied. Factors affecting the absorption capacity of some of these polymers were studied. The potential phytotoxicity of residual acrylamide monomers and other...

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  • Aerobic Biodegradation of Surfactants | IntechOpen

    2021-3-23 · Self-assembly overcomes the biodegradation resistance of some traditional inorganic drug carriers. Herein, we prepared self-assembled Au nanocluster-based nanoparticles with different sizes and charges based on solvent- and cation-induced self-assembly nanotechnology as anti-cancer drug vehicles to solve the potential metabolism problems of solid gold nanoparticles.

    Get Price
  • Design and optimization of production parameters for

    In this paper, the effect of residence time, stirring speed, feeding rate, supersaturation level and the polyelectrolytes such as anionic polyacrylamide (APAM) and non-ionic polyacrylamide (NPAM) on the CLD as well as the shape of boric acid crystals were investigated by using the FBRM G600 and the PVM V819 probes respectively in an MSMPR ...

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  • Download Pilot Scale Study Of Removal Of Anionic ...

    The biodegradation rates observed in the present study were similar to those from pervious studies by others. The pilot-scale tests indicated that roughing trickling filter could remove 11% to 29% of anionic surfactants and 4% to 22% of COD from the wastewater. Higher molecular weight anionic surfactants were more degradable.

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  • polyacrylamide friction reducer application

    2021-3-1 · Polyacrylamide could also be used be effective friction reducer in Oil & Gas field. Friction reducer, or called drag reducing agents are the agents that could reduce the resistance of a fluid to transport which are mostly water-soluble or oil-soluble polymer.

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  • Bu Series Offline 1000va UPS (BU1000)

    Non-Ionic Polyacrylamide Nonionic Polyacrylamide PAM for Water Treatment CAS 9003-05-8 Well Sell Polyacrylamide PAM Foton 4m3 4cbm 4 Cubic Meter Cement Concrete Mixer Truck China No. 1 Quality Self Loading Concrete Mixer of 4.0 M3 Water Treatment Polyacrylamide PAM with Good Price; Water Treatment Polyacrylamide PAM with High Quality

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  • US2020308473A1 SURFACTANT COMPOSITION, AND

    This invention relates to a surfactant composition, production and use thereof in tertiary oil recovery. The present surfactant composition comprises a cationic surfactant and an

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  • Статті в журналах: 'Dissertations – Microbiology' –

    Список статей у журналах на тему 'Dissertations – Microbiology'. Наукові публікації для бібліографії з повним текстом pdf. Добірки джерел і теми досліджень.

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