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how much is poly aluminium chloride production proces

  • Polyaluminium Chloride Production Cost Analysis

    Polyaluminium Chloride Production Cost Analysis 2021 Polyaluminium chloride or PAC is a high performance, superior quality coagulant, which is scientifically formulated for utilisation in a wide range of industrial, municipal, production, and commercial applications like the treatment of wastewater or commercial effluent.

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  • Poly Aluminum Chloride Market Share and Statistics -

    Poly aluminum chloride market was valued at 1.1 billion in 2020 and is projected to grow at a CAGR of 7.8% from 2021 to 2027. Increasing water treatment activities globally and proliferating pulp and pare industry will propel the industry growth.

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  • EP0884278A1 - A process for producing

    A process for production of polyaluminium chloride solution, which process comprises mixing hydrogen chloride with, and bringing it to react with, under heating, aluminium hydroxide and a sulphate-containing press cake, whereby at least part of said reaction is carried out at overpressure, and that said part is heated to a temperature above the upper limit of the boiling range or the boiling point a mixture of the …

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  • Poly-Aluminium-Chloride (PAC) - 3V Tech

    Using sulphuric acid instead of hydrochloric acid, Aluminium sulphate solution (Alum) can be produced with the same process. The PAC 9 HB, production process is obtained by reaction of PAC 18% with aluminum sulphate and a basifier, using a GFRP reactor and a mixer-mill of particular design.

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  • PAC Poly Aluminium Chloride

    2021-7-12 · Polyaluminium chloride solution is stable for 5 to 6 months when stored at less than 50°C and is so ideal for bulk storage and dosing installations. The growth rate of polyaluminium chloride has been very impressive. In many areas where PAC has been marketed for a reasonable time period (3/5 years) it has replaced over 85 % of the total alum demand.

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  • Project Report on POLYALUMINIUM CHLORIDE

    2020-9-26 · Aluminium chloride hydroxide Alcl (OH)2, AlCl2 (OH), products, commonly known as polyaluminium chlorides (PAC), are used for a wide variety of industrial applications. Other names for PAC are basic aluminium chloride, polybasic aluminium chloride, aluminium hydroxychloride, aluminium oxychloride and aluminium chlorohydrate.

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  • Preparation and Characteristics of Polyaluminium

    2017-8-1 · Polyaluminium chloride (PACl), Aluminium chlorohydrate (ACH), Coagulants, Water Treatment 1.0 INTRODUCTION Alum (aluminium sulphate) is the most commonly used coagulant in Australian water treatment plants, low cost being its major attraction. Alum however, has a number of disadvantages: ♦ limited coagulation pH range: 5.5 to 6.5,

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  • USING POLYALUMINIUM COAGULANTS IN WATER

    2015-9-19 · coagulation-flocculation process that makes use of aluminium chlorohydrate (ACH). The average aluminium residue concentration in PA-WTS was 3.4 mg/L. During this study, batch laboratory experiments were conducted in a jar-test apparatus in which different doses of PA-WTS were added.

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  • Effect of polyaluminium chloride water treatment sludge

    2021-7-9 · Ferric Chloride 50%. Ferric Sulfate 60% . Ferrous Chloride 37%. Ferrous Sulfate 30%. Hydrochloric Acid 37%. Hydrofluoric Acid 52%. Hydrofluosilicic Acid 30%. Hydrogen Peroxide 10%. Liquid Ammonumi Sulafet 35–45%. Magnesium Chloride 35%. Peracetic Acid 10%. Phosphoric Acid 75%. Poly Aluminum Chloride 100%. Polyorthophosphate 100%. Potable ...

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  • Poly Aluminum Chloride Market Share and Statistics -

    Poly Aluminum Chloride Market size was USD 1.1 billion in 2020 and will grow at a CAGR of 7.8% from 2021 to 2027. Poly aluminum chloride is widely used as flocculant in wastewater treatment, in producing deodorant, antiperspirants and several other end-use. Increasing wastewater treatment activities across the globe will proliferate the ...

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  • Polyaluminum Chloride (PAC) | GEO Specialty Chemicals

    We supply water treatment chemicals; coating and resin additives; specialty acrylic monomers; consumer additives; plus a broad range of dispersants, surfactants, and other additives for the concrete admixtures, synthetic rubber polymerization, gypsum processing and oil well drilling markets.

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  • Polyaluminium Chloride PAC 30% Water Treatment

    Polyaluminium chloride, also written as poly aluminium chloride, is an inorganic polymer coagulant used for water treatment. Take the first letter of words as abbreviation, it is refered to as PAC chemicals, can be considered as one of the best coagulants. For that PAC coagulant has the advantages of less optimal dosage and less sludge ...

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  • PAC Poly Aluminium Chloride

    2021-7-12 · Poly Aluminium Chloride - PAC. These compounds have the general formula (Al n (OH) m Cl (3n-m) )x and have a polymeric structure, totally soluble in water. The length of the polymerised chain, molecular weight and number of ionic charges is determined by the degree of polymerisation. On hydrolysis, various mono- and polymeric species are formed ...

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  • The dosage of poly aluminum chloride in wastewater

    2011-7-21 · Poly-aluminium chloride Better performance in terms of colour and turbidity removal is sometimes noted for specific waters [50] . It is interesting to note however that in pilot trials of the dewatering behaviour of sludges produced using poly-aluminium chloride, that there appears to be little or no benefit over the use of aluminium sulphate.

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  • Aluminum Chloride - an overview | ScienceDirect Topics

    2015-9-19 · production plants, the coagulation and flocculation process is employed for turbidity removal at Gabba water treatment plant (WTP). Recently, in a bid to improve efficiency, the Gabba WTP switched from conventional alum to aluminium chlorohydrate (ACH) which can also be referred to as poly aluminium chloride (PAC). PAC is

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  • Effect of polyaluminium chloride water treatment sludge

    reaction with water Alum (Aluminium sulfate) will form six hydrogen ions, Poly-aluminium chloride (PAC) three hydrogen ions, and ACH a single ydrogen ion.h As such, Alum will tend to cause a more significant decrease in pH (i.e. increase the acidity) than PAC or ACH. This reaction explains the effect these coagulants will have on water pH.

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  • Coagulants and flocculants fact sheet

    2021-7-9 · Global Production of Polyamide: In 2016 the global PA polymer production amounted to 7.8 million tons which can be further segmented into two prominent polymers used PA6 & PA66.The production of the PA6 polymer was 4.4 million tons in 2016. While the production …

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  • Polyaluminium Chloride Production Cost Analysis

    Polyaluminium Chloride Production Cost Analysis 2021 Polyaluminium chloride or PAC is a high performance, superior quality coagulant, which is scientifically formulated for utilisation in a wide range of industrial, municipal, production, and commercial applications like the treatment of wastewater or commercial effluent.

    Get Price
  • PAC Poly Aluminium Chloride

    2021-7-12 · Poly Aluminium Chloride - PAC. These compounds have the general formula (Al n (OH) m Cl (3n-m) )x and have a polymeric structure, totally soluble in water. The length of the polymerised chain, molecular weight and number of ionic charges is determined by the degree of polymerisation. On hydrolysis, various mono- and polymeric species are formed ...

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  • poly aluminum chloride price, poly aluminum

    Price Poly Aluminium Chloride Water Treatment Aluminum Chloride China Low Price Poly Aluminium Ferric Chloride Water Treatment Agents 29% High Quality PAFC 820.00-1,100.00 Metric Ton 1.0 Metric Tons (Min. Order)

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  • Poly Aluminium Chloride-Taian Health Chemical Co., Ltd.

    Poly Aluminium Chloride is high-effective inorganic polymer coagulant. Poly Aluminium Chloride Application Field: It is widely applied in water purification, wastewater treatment, precision cast, paper production, pharmaceutical industry and daily chemicals.

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  • Alternative cost-effective preparation method of ...

    industrial scale generally involves the separate production of two solutions that contain Al [3–5].Thefirst is called basic aluminium chloride and is produced through the processing of an aluminium

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  • Styrene Production and Manufacturing Process | ICIS

    2009-6-25 · Styrene Production and Manufacturing Process. Styrene is produced predominately by ethylbenzene (EB)-based technology. EB is first made by the catalytic alkylation of benzene with ethylene, using either aluminium chloride or, more recently, zeolite catalysts. The reaction can be carried out in either vapour or liquid phases (see chemical ...

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  • Instead Alum Use Poly Aluminium Chloride

    7. The increase in chloride in the treated water is much lower than the sulphate increase from alum, resulting in lower overall increases in the TDS of the treated water. PAC=PACl. Note: a) .the cost of Poly Aluminium Chloride is twice/thrice of Alum ( roughly the cost of PAC-0.4 Kg)

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  • Polycarbonate (PC) – Manufacturing process of PC

    2021-6-8 · Here are the price ranges for each Tesla model: Model 3 39,990–69,990, Model Y 51,990–74,990, Model S 79,990–138,990, and Model X 89,990–146,490. State incentives can reduce the upfront cost of a Tesla by as much as 8,500, while a successful referral can earn you 1,000 free miles of Supercharging.

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  • Poly Aluminium Chloride|Polyacrylamide|Polymeric

    2021-7-9 · Poly aluminum chloride is produced by the traditional process drum dryer polyaluminum chloride, the process is simple, low production costs, good product stability, wide adaptation to water, strong adsorption capacity, the formation of alum large, dense sedimentation fast, Products cost-effective, widely used in domestic waterworks and various ...

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  • MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET - Polyaluminium Chloride

    2016-11-18 · Alternate Name Aluminium Chloride Hydroxide Chemical Name Polyaluminium Chloride Chemical Family Inorganic salt Molecular Formula [Al2(OH)nC l6-n]m Molecular Weight 133.5 -174.5 Appearance Yellow to brown powder Odor Slight chlorine odor pH (1% aqueous solution) 3.5-5.0 Melting Point No Data Solubility (Water) 100% Soluble

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  • Water treatment of a large Swedish lake using poly ...

    2021-6-8 · Water treatment with poly aluminium chloride. The process is to add a poly aluminium chloride solution that binds to phosphorus. The solution is pumped out from a boat down to a spreader boom that is dragged behind the boat through the lake. The sediment that forms in …

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  • Instead Alum Use Poly Aluminium Chloride

    7. The increase in chloride in the treated water is much lower than the sulphate increase from alum, resulting in lower overall increases in the TDS of the treated water. PAC=PACl. Note: a) .the cost of Poly Aluminium Chloride is twice/thrice of Alum ( roughly the cost of PAC-0.4 Kg)

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  • VINYL CHLORIDE PRODUCTION - University of Oklahoma

    2007-1-25 · requirement for carbide production was a serious drawback to the continuing mass production of vinyl chloride by this method” (21). However, as ethylene became more plentiful in the early 50’s, commercial processes were developed to produce vinyl chloride from chlorine and ethylene via EDC, namely, the balanced ethylene route.

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  • Hall Process Production and Commercialization of

    2021-7-12 · Tossing an aluminum can wastes as much energy as pouring out half of that can’s volume of gasoline. If each person recycles one aluminum can each month, energy savings equal 1,750 to 3,500 gallons of gas. American consumers and industry throw away enough aluminum to rebuild the entire U.S. commercial air fleet every three months.

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  • The Chlor-Alkali Industry - Energy

    2012-11-14 · the production of vinyl chloride, an important building block for poly vinyl chloride (PVC) and a number of petrochemicals (see Figure 6-1). Chlorine is also important to the pulp and paper industry, which consumes about 15 percent of the chlorine produced annually. Other major uses for

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  • High Density Polyethylene - Welcome! | SENS

    Coagulation is a chemical process involving charge neutralistion, which causes the colloidal particles to accumulate in microflocs. Coagulants are used as the first part of the precipitation process. They react with dissolved and suspended substances and form these microflocs. With the use of flocculants ( polymers ), the microflocs can be ...

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  • Coagulants - alumichem.com

    2021-3-18 · Generic 1st 'HG' Future. 430.45. USd/lb. +2.85 +0.67%. For anyone looking for examples of inflation these days, raw materials are a good place to start. Copper, steel -- even lumber -- are either ...

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  • MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET - Polyaluminium Chloride

    2016-11-18 · Alternate Name Aluminium Chloride Hydroxide Chemical Name Polyaluminium Chloride Chemical Family Inorganic salt Molecular Formula [Al2(OH)nC l6-n]m Molecular Weight 133.5 -174.5 Appearance Yellow to brown powder Odor Slight chlorine odor pH (1% aqueous solution) 3.5-5.0 Melting Point No Data Solubility (Water) 100% Soluble

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  • Global Poly Aluminium Chloride (PAC) Market 2018

    Global Poly Aluminium Chloride Market Report 2020 by Key Players, Types, Applications, Countries, Market Size, Forecast to 2026 (Based on 2020 COVID-19 Worldwide Spread) The Poly Aluminium Chloride market is expected to grow from USD X.X million in 2020 to USD X.X million by 2026, at a CAGR of X.X% during the forecast period.

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  • US7846318B2 - Polyaluminum chloride and

    The invention relates generally to processes for the production of high-basicity and ultra-high basicity polyaluminum chlorides including aluminum chlorohydrate. The processes can produce products of a wide range of basicities and are particularly useful in producing high basicity products. The process can produce a wide range of solution concentrations and are particularly useful in producing ...

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  • The-PVC-Production-Process

    2017-3-31 · The process for making PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is a mystery to most. Words like ethylene dichloride and VCM are not typically used in daily conversation. You may be surprised to find out what two naturally occurring ingredients are the base for all vinyl compounds. Teknor Apex has been an innovator in the PVC compound industry for more than six decades.

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  • China Spray Dry Polyaluminium Chloride (filter

    Polyaluminium Chloride is high-effective inorganic polymer coagulant. It is widely applied in water purification, wastewater treatment, precision cast, paper production, and so on. Poly-aluminium Chloride (PAC): Poly-aluminium Chloride, short for PAC, is a new type high performance inorganic macromolecule flocculating agent.

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  • Aluminum(III) Chloride | AlCl3 - PubChem

    Basicity %: 40-90. Insolubles %: 1.5 Max. PH (1% water solution) 3.5-5.0. Poly aluminium chloride Advantages: 1. Its purifying effect on low-temperature, low turbidity and heavily organic polluted raw water is much better than other organic flocculants, also the treatment cost is lowered by 20-80%.

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  • China Poly Aluminium Chloride of ETP Chemicals -

    2019-9-18 · Weifang Tenor Chemical Co., Ltd. is located in Ocean Chemical Development zone, Weifang, Shandong, a joint-stock enterprise with production, export and services of chemicals, has widely adopted world-advanced equipments and management system, and our products quality is assured under the ISO9001 and ISO14001 standards, mainly specializes in developing Oil Drilling chemicals series, …

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  • China Polyaluminium Chloride manufacturer, PAC,

    2018-4-23 · Polyhalite accounted for around 450-460 kt of SOPM fertilizers. ICL UK is currently ramping-up production to 1 Mt/y (140 kt/y K2O) by 2020 as it simultaneously phases out MOP production at the Boulby mine. At current production levels, this will be equivalent to almost 40% of the current SOPM market in K2O terms.

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  • Polyhalite Update: Disrupting the fertilizer industry |

    2012-11-1 · mRNA Design. Synthetic mRNA for therapy is in general designed following the blueprint of eukaryotic mRNA. Cap and poly(A) tail are essential elements because they are required for efficient translation. 2, 15, 21 Positioned at the very 5′- and 3′-end of mRNA, Cap and poly(A) tail are also required to stabilize mRNA in the cytosol, where decay is catalyzed predominantly by exonucleases. 22, 23

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  • Poly-Aluminium Chloride (PAC) - Accepta

    Poly-aluminium chloride (PAC) based coagulant. Accepta PAC is used for the treatment of wastewater and industrial effluent, drinking water, swimming pool water, the treatment of sewage and industrial effluents. It is also used extensively in the pulp and paper processing industry. Poly-aluminium chloride is...

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  • China PAC-PolyAluminum Chloride manufacturers and ...

    2021-7-2 · PAC-PolyAluminum Chloride. This product is high-effective inorganic polymer coagulant. Application Field It is widely applied in water purification, wastewater treatment, precision cast, paper production, pharmaceutical industry and daily chemicals. Advantage 1.

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  • China Liquid Poly Aluminium Chloride Manufacturers

    2021-6-16 · Liquid Poly Aluminium Chloride Manufacturers, Factory, Suppliers From China, Welcoming interested companies to cooperate with us, we look forward to having the opportunity of working with companies around the world for joint growth and mutual success.

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  • The-PVC-Production-Process

    2017-3-31 · The process for making PVC (polyvinyl chloride) is a mystery to most. Words like ethylene dichloride and VCM are not typically used in daily conversation. You may be surprised to find out what two naturally occurring ingredients are the base for all vinyl compounds. Teknor Apex has been an innovator in the PVC compound industry for more than six decades.

    Get Price
  • How much is polyacrylamide per ton-News-Lvyuan

    2021-2-26 · How much is polyacrylamide per ton. Source:www.lvyuanchem.com Time:2021-02-26 10:08. Many polyacrylamide users often feel that the polyacrylamide PAM flocculant products are either too high in price or poor in quality.

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  • Guide to Manufacturing Processes for Plastics

    Much like injection molding and extrusion, blow molding is a continuous process that can be fully automated, resulting in high production rates and low unit costs. Blow molding is the most common process for creating hollow plastic products at scale.

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  • Thermoforming Process - CustomPart.Net

    2019-2-25 · Costs of Inground Swimming Pools: A Couple Things to Consider. There are two things to consider when researching the cost of inground pools: The initial purchase price of the pool; The lifetime cost of ownership associated with the pool; First, let's take a look at the initial cost of concrete, vinyl liner, and fiberglass pools to get an idea of how much to budget for each.

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  • Inground Swimming Pool Cost & Pricing Guide

    Average Cost of Plantation Shutters. The average cost to install plantation shutters in your home is 2,350 with most homeowners spending between 1,450 to 3,360 depending on the size of each window and the materials selected. Wood shutters cost 200 to 350 per window, while faux or composite shutters cost between 70 and 260 per window.

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  • China PAC-PolyAluminum Chloride manufacturers and ...

    2021-7-2 · PAC-PolyAluminum Chloride. This product is high-effective inorganic polymer coagulant. Application Field It is widely applied in water purification, wastewater treatment, precision cast, paper production, pharmaceutical industry and daily chemicals. Advantage 1.

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  • ALUMINUM CHLOROHYDRATE – Cinética Química

    2020-11-26 · If you need chemical inputs for the treatment of drinking, industrial or residual water in purification processes, the textile sector, the dairy sector, the ceramic industry, for swimming pool projects and much more, Cinética Química is a manufacturer of aluminum chlorohydrate with international coverage. Send us your requirements for aluminum chlorohydrate and poly aluminum chloride, ferric ...

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  • China Poly Aluminium Chloride PAC 30%

    Polyaluminium Chloride, PAC 30%, CAS Rn.: 1327-41-9 manufacturer supplier in China, offering Poly Aluminium Chloride PAC 30% Polyaluminium Chloride, Good Quality 99% Sodium Metaborate Tetrahydrate CAS: 10555-76-7 Instant Boron as Analysis Reagent.

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  • PP – Polypropylene – Manufacturing process of PP ...

    PoolKlar is a powerful poly aluminium chloride coagulant, flocculant and clarifier. It will rapidly clear your cloudy swimming pool, hot tub or spa water. For shock treatment, prevention or polishing to remove colloids, colour, cloudiness, turbidity, suspended solids, pollutants and cryptosporidium oocysts.

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  • PoolKlar - Swimming Pool Clarifier & Flocculant

    Aluminum Chloride. Anhydrous aluminium chloride is a principal catalyst used in the Friedel-Crafts reaction, both acylations and alkylations. The product also finds application in the manufacture of Ibuprofen and other bulk drugs, ethyl benzene, isopropyl benzene, titanium dioxide, hydrocarbon resins, terpene resins and polybutenes.

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